Er.   additional risk factors include a history of a retinal tear or detachment, diabetes, retinal venous occlusions, and inflammation in the eye (called uveitis).   complications macular hole: like most surgeries, this one carries potential complications including; cataract formation, re-opening or persistence of the macular hole, retinal detachment, infection, glaucoma, and bleeding.   macular pucker: like most surgeries, this one carries potential complications including; cataract formation, recurrence of the macular pucker, retinal detachment, infection, glaucoma, and bleeding. Diagnostic tests macular hole: optical coherence tomography (oct) is the key diagnostic test to identify a macular hole. viagra pills canada   oct can assist with patient understanding of their disorder. viagra online   it is also very useful to assess the response to treatment. nhs prescription charges viagra Macular pucker: optical coherence tomography (oct) is the key diagnostic test to identify a macular hole.   oct can assist with patient understanding of their disorder. buy viagra without prescription   it is also very useful to assess the response to treatment. viagra side effects blurred vision Treatment and drugs macular hole: macular holes can be treated with a surgical procedure called a vitrectomy.   during the procedure, the vitreous gel is removed and replaced with a bubble of gas and air. viagra online cheap Over the course of a few days to weeks the bubble will help the macular hole “close”.   patients may be required to maintain a face-down position for a few days after surgery to help the gas bubble exert pressure on the hole and help it “close”. viagra vs viagra vs viagra 2010   the gas bubble will gradually dissolve and leave the eye over a few weeks.   it is important that patients with a gas bubble in their eye not fly or receive inhaled anesthetics during the brief time they have a gas bubble in their eye as it can result in the pressure in the eye elevating as the bubble expands.   smaller macular holes can, in rare instances, heal themselves. Effectiveness of surgery is on a patient-to-patient basis; however, patients who had macular holes for shorter periods of time tend to heal faster than those who had macular holes for several months or years. Macular pucker: if a macular pucker is having no significant effect on your vision, the retina specialist may not recommend surgery and instead suggest follow-up visits to check your vision and repeat the oct scan.   if a macular pucker is severe and results in loss of vision or significant macular wrinkling, your doctor may recommend a vitrectomy and membrane peeling, where the vitreous gel is removed and the scar tissue is peeled from the surface of the retina. cheapviagrapgs.com   prevention macular hol. generic viagra